Ayurveda – Science of Life

ayurveda

Ayurveda (Devanagari: आयुर्वेद ) adalah upaveda dari Rgveda, namun para pakar yang lain menganggap bahwa Ayurveda merupakan upaveda dari Atharvaveda. Susastra Ayurveda merupakan ajaran bentuk pengobatan alternatif yang biasa dilakukan di India. Kata “Ayurveda” berasal dari gabungan kata āyus “hidup” dan veda “ilmu”, dan bisa diartikan menjadi “Ilmu Kehidupan”. Ayurveda mencakup pengukuran hidup yang sehat, dengan terapi yang berhubungan dengan fisik, mental, sosial, dan keselarasan spiritual.

Ayurveda pertama kali dipaparkan oleh Agnivesha dan bukunya Agnivesh Tantra. Buku ini kemudian diperbaiki oleh Charaka dengan judul Charaka Samhitā. Terdapat pula teks lain yaitu Sushruta Samhitā. Teks-teks tersebut dipercaya ditulis pada awal tahun Masehi, dan didasarkan pendekatan holistik pada awal kebudayaan Vedis. Awal dari Ayurveda ini dianggap sebagai wahyu dari dewa Brahma.

Ayurveda (Sanskrit Āyurveda आयुर्वेद, “life-knowledge”; English pronunciation /ˌaɪ.ərˈveɪdə/) or Ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian subcontinent and a form of alternative medicine. The oldest known ayurvedic texts are the Suśrutha Saṃhitā and the Charaka Saṃhitā. These Classical Sanskrit texts are among the foundational and formally compiled works of ayurveda.

By the medieval period, ayurvedic practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments. Practices that are derived from Ayurvedic medicine are regarded as part of complementary and alternative medicine, and along with Siddha Medicine and Traditional Chinese medicine, forms the basis for systems medicine.

Pengobatan Ayurvedic (dikenal juga sebagai Ayurveda) merupakan salah satu metode pengobatan tertua di dunia setelah dikenal selama 3 abad dan hingga kini tetap dikenal sebagai metode pengobatan tradisional negara India. Konsep pengobatan ayurveda menggunakan bahan-bahan alami, diet khusus, dan cara pengobatan unik lainnya. Pemerintah India bersama banyak institusi dunia meneliti secara klinis terhadap pengobatan ayurveda termasuk sistem kepercayaan orang timur. Namun metode ini tidak dipelajari secara luas sebagai bagian dari metode pengobatan konvensional barat.

Ayurvedic medicine (also called Ayurveda) is one of the world’s oldest medical systems. It originated in India more than 3,000 years ago and remains one of the country’s traditional health care systems. Its concepts about health and disease promote the use of herbal compounds, special diets, and other unique health practices. India’s government and other institutes throughout the world support clinical and laboratory research on Ayurvedic medicine, within the context of the Eastern belief system. But Ayurvedic medicine is not widely studied as part of conventional (Western) medicine.

Konsep Ayurveda

Menurut teori pengobatan ayurveda, apapun di jagat raya ini, baik yang hidup maupun tidak, saling terhubung. Kesehatan akan kita dapat jika pikiran, tubuh, dan jiwa berada dalam keadaan seimbang dengan alam. Ketidakseimbangan akan mengakibatkan menurunnya kesehatan tubuh bahkan sakit. Apapun yang mempengaruhi fisik, spiritual, atau emosi dapat menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan dengan alam. Ketidakseimbangan tersebut dapat berupa :

  • Genetik atau cacat lahir
  • Luka
  • Perubahan musim
  • Umur
  • Emosi

Ayurveda Concepts

According to Ayurvedic theory, everything in the universe — living or not — is connected. Good health is achieved when your mind, body, and spirit are in harmony with the universe. A disruption of this harmony can lead to poor health and sickness. For followers of Ayurveda, anything that affects your physical, spiritual, or emotional well-being can cause you to be out of balance with the universe. Some things that can cause a disruption include:

  • genetic or birth defects
  • injuries
  • climate and seasonal changes
  • age
  • emotions

How your body works to keep you healthy and your unique physical and psychological characteristics combine to form your body’s constitution, or prakriti. Your prakriti is believed to stay the same for your entire life. However, how you digest food and eliminate waste can influence it.

Every person is made of a combination of five basic elements found in the universe:

  • space
  • air
  • fire
  • water
  • earth

These elements combine in the human body to form three life forces or energies, called doshas. They control how your body works. The three doshas are:

  • vata dosha (space and air)
  • pitta dosha (fire and water)
  • kapha dosha (water and earth)

Everyone inherits a unique mix of the three doshas. One dosha is usually more dominant. Each dosha controls a different body function. It is believed that your chances of getting sick are linked to the balance of your doshas.

Vata Dosha

Vata dosha (space and air) is thought to be the most powerful of all three doshas. It controls very basic body functions, such as how cells divide. It also controls your:

  • mind
  • breathing
  • blood flow
  • heart function
  • ability to get rid of body waste through the intestines

Things that can disrupt this dosha are:

  • eating dry fruit
  • eating too soon after a previous meal
  • fear
  • grief
  • staying up too late

If vata dosha is your main life force, you are more likely to develop:

  • anxiety
  • asthma
  • heart disease
  • nervous system disorders
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • skin problems

Pitta Dosha

The pitta dosha (fire and water) controls:

  • digestion
  • ability to break down foods (metabolism)
  • certain hormones linked to appetite

Things that can disrupt this dosha are:

  • eating sour foods
  • eating spicy foods
  • fatigue
  • spending too much time in the sun

If pitta dosha is your main life force, you are more likely to develop:

  • anger and negative emotions
  • Crohn’s disease
  • heart disease
  • heartburn a few hours after eating
  • high blood pressure
  • infections

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